City and Nature – for most people these two do not go together. When cities began to spread all over the world there was no more place for nature, and green was mostly replaced with grey buildings. However, the concept of Urban Gardening gets nature its place back in the cities.
Although it seems like Urban Gardening is a new trend, it has its origin in the ancient Egypt and was an extremely important food producer in Germany during World War 1 and 2. Recently, Urban Gardening is making a resurgence. But what exactly does urban gardening even mean and how does it work? In general, it can be divided into two sections container gardening and rooftop gardening. Let’s have a closer look at both concepts.
Container Gardening is a great option when there is not much space available. That is why it is perfect for the city. The name is already referring to the way the plants or flowers are placed. Instead of planting them into the ground, containers or pots are being used which makes container gardening very mobile and space efficient. Furthermore, it is good for our environment because old containers are reused meanwhile our wallet is being spared. Another advantage of container gardening is that a garden can be set up wherever it is desired due to its mobility. Urban birds will thank you because they are attracted by the pots, especially when they contain berries or other plants that provide nectar and seeds.
A lot of houses in cities have a rooftop terrace, so people started making them greener and called it rooftop gardening. Traditionally, rooftop gardens are made for planting vegetables by adding soil and garden beds. To make this work, at least four layers are needed so you don't harm the building’s structure: An anti-rooting layer, a draining layer (which lets the water pass but not the soil),an impermeable and an insulating layer.
Why urban city gardening?
The city Copenhagen has made green roofs obligatory with the goal to be emission free in the year 2025. Green roofs can reduce CO²-emissions by filtering particular matter from the air and convert CO² into oxygen. But that is not all. It also reduces the temperature by absorbing sunlight and creates a cooler and more pleasant climate in the city. A side effect of this is that air-conditioners are not used that often anymore, which leads to a reduction of energy use. Urban gardening also has a positive effect on our health and on our social life. Gardening brings people together, it's a natural stress reliever and makes us happy. The list of benefits for us and our environment goes on and on, making it apparent that gardening is not explicitly for people living in the countryside.
The benefits or urban gardening are undeniable and it's so easy to implement with little effort. If you need more information on how you can make your city greener visit your local gardening center and get expert advice.