Sustainable gardening has become a buzzword within the environmental community in recent years. But what does the term actually mean? Essentially, sustainable gardening is a concept which revolves around the creation of physical, psychological and visual sustenance and nourishment using natural resources without disrupting existing ecosystems or increasing carbon footprints.The resources can come in the form of land, water supply, seeds, fertiliser and much more. The guiding principle behind sustainable gardening is sustainable production and respect for the environment. Whether you’re a wannabe sustainable gardener, or just contemplating joining the movement, we’ve compiled several tips and environmental hacks below that would help you get started on the right path.
A lush garden is a magnet for animals, especially in the countryside. Rather than spend thousands of pounds constructing wooden or metal fences to keep deer, rabbits or squirrels away from your vegetables and fruits, why not try building organic fences? The most obvious solution is edible hedges. Asparagus, bay trees and rosemary are great choices of edible hedges. Not only are they edible (obviously), animals are not that keen on the fruits or leaves. Plus, the smell also drives away some insects. They might take time to grow, but you could effectively prevent large animals from encroaching on your garden with these hedges. Plant the hedge saplings a couple of seasons earlier to give them time to mature before you start planting the real treasures of your garden.
But what about rabbits, moles and woodchucks? They can sneak through the hedges, or even burrow a tunnel underneath. Many expert gardeners and even professional farmers advocate the use of electrified fences to keep such animals and rodents away. There is an easier method though – pick up some dog hair from your local pet shop, and sprinkle it liberally around your garden. The smell of a dog will keep the most intrepid rabbits away. Or better yet, if you own a dog, let it wander around the garden daily. But it’s not all about animals and pests, though. Organic fences can also serve as windbreakers for the more delicate plants in your garden and even your home. Evergreens such as the dense and twiggy hawthorns, leafy Italian alders, and lush cherry laurels are excellent choices for windbreaker hedges.